Odisha (Orissa) Geography

The province of Odisha covers a region of 1,55,707 sq.km. what's more, reaches out for 800 kilometers from north to south and 500 kilometers from east to west and having a coastline of around 480 km on the Bay of Bengal. It lies between 17° 31' and 22° 31' The Western Rolling Uplands are bring down in rise, 153-305 m and have a bedrock of hard soil and a considerable measure of widely varied vegetation. 31' N scope and 81° 31' and 87° 3°' E longitude. Limited by West Bengal in the upper east, Jharkhand in the North, Andhra Pradesh in the South, Chattisgarh in the West, the State is available to the Bay of Bengal on the East. The state is isolated into 30 regions which are additionally subdivided into 314 squares. Odisha's geology includes prolific fields along the drift and forested good countries towards the inside. The Odia individuals are for the most part of Indo-Aryan stock.

The region inland is made of the old landmass of peninsular India and covers around three-fourth of the whole state. The Middle Mountainous and Highlands Region for the most part contains the slopes and piles of the Eastern ghats rising steeply in the East and slant delicately to an analyzed level in the west running from upper east (Mayurbhanj) to northwest (Malkangiri). These seem like scattered arrangement of soak edges hindered by various stream valleys and surge fields. The height fluctuates between 300-1200m. The whole territory exceptionally wealthy in mineral assets in basically occupied by clans.


Right around 33% of Odisha is secured by timberlands which make up around 37.34% of the aggregate land territory of the state. These timberlands cover the greater part of southern and western Odisha. The eastern fields neighboring the drift are secured by farmlands.The woodland front of Odisha reaches out finished a zone of 58,136.869 square kilometers out of which hold timberlands make up a region of 26,329.12 square kilometers (10,165.73 sq mi), differentiated ensured backwoods make up 11,687.079 square kilometers (4,512.406 sq mi) and un-separated secured timberlands make up 3,638.78 square kilometers (1,404.94 sq mi). Different kinds of woodlands make up 16,261.34 square kilometers (6,278.54 sq mi) while un-classed timberlands make up 20.55 square kilometers (7.93 sq mi) of the aggregate backwoods cover. The State Government of Odisha likewise groups woods in light of their thickness. Around 538 square kilometers (208 sq mi) of land are named exceptionally thick backwoods with a shade thickness of more than 70 percent, 27,656 square kilometers (10,678 sq mi) of timberlands are named reasonably thick cover with a shelter thickness of 40 to 70 percent and 20,180 square kilometers (7,790 sq mi) of land are named open woodland with an overhang thickness of 10 to 40 percent.