All the states of Asian country, Odisha (Orissa) has the biggest variety of tribes, as several as sixty two that represent a formidable 24 % of the entire population of the state. These tribes primarily inhabit the japanese Ghats hill vary that runs within the north-south direction. over half their population is focused within the 3 districts of Koraput (undivided), Sundergarh and Mayurbhanj. Even if the social group economy is shaky, social group culture, in its pristine state, is wealthy and distinctive and also the Adivasis work effortlessly to preserve it. A social group village manages its internal affairs terribly swimmingly through 2 establishments -- the village council of elders and also the youth dormitory. The core of social group culture, the youth dormitory, is that the largest hut within the village. it's solely 3 walls, abundantly adorned with symbols representing animals. The fourth facet is open. By night dormitory is home to the youth of the village. however before and once a tough day's work, folks gather here to speak and relax. The council of elders meets here too to debate matters concerning the welfare of the village.
The social group folks of Odisha (Orissa) observe a string of festivals. Some square measure closed affairs, regarding a birth or death at intervals the family or a female offspring attaining time of life. Others relate to sowing or harvest and involve the whole community. largely a competition is an event permanently Mahua liquor; a game roaston the spar and an evening of song and dance is revel. Subsistence familiarized economy of the tribes here relies on food gathering, searching and fishing, thus, revolving around forests. Even the big tribes like Santal, Munda, Oram and Gond, settled agriculturists, usually supplement their economy with searching and gathering. whereas farming, they create use of a really straightforwardtechnology and a straightforward division of labor usually restricted to the immediate family. however they lose out as a result of their holdings ar tiny and unproductive, lacking irrigation facility because of a rough and undulating parcel.