Renowned for its Sambalpuri Saree, the Sambalpur District is the western piece of territory of Odisha. The District is encompassed by Deogarh District in the East, Bargarh Districts in the West, Jharsuguda District in the North and Sonepur and Angul Districts in the South. The District of Sambalpur has a history brimming with occasions including Indian opportunity battle speaking to the diverse area of the general public. Sambalpur is said in the book of Ptomely as Sambalaka on the waterway Manada. Sambalpur District was in this way isolated into four separate Districts. Bargarh District was isolated in 1993, and Jharsuguda and Deogarh Districts were isolated in 1994.
The District covering a land zone of 6702 sq km lies between 20 degree 40' to 22 degree 11' North Latitude and 82 degree 39' to 85 degree 15' East Longitude. Add up to populace of the District according to 2011 registration is 10,41,099. Add up to male populace of the District is 5,26,877 though add up to female populace is 5,14,222. The District has got add up to 1,91,827 SC populace and 3,55,261 ST populace. As per the administration of the District is concerned, the District of Sambalpur has got 3 sub divisions namely Sambalpur, Kuchinda and Rairakhol. There are 9 Tahasils, 9 Blocks, 24 Police stations, 1349 Revenue Villages and 138 Gram panchayats functioning in the District.
The economy of Sambalpur District is essentially subject to horticulture and besides no woodlands. Backwoods assume a vital part in the economy as far as commitment to income, Domestic Product and also reliance of individuals for occupation. In the past Sambalpur has been an incredible focal point of precious stone exchange. Kendu leaf (Diospyros Melanoxylon) is likewise created in Sambalpur. Tendu leaf is a standout amongst the most imperative non– wood woodland results of Sambalpur and is additionally called as green gold of Odisha. Of late industrialisation has begun in the locale and the prime ventures of intensity, alumina and steel have been built up.
The place is celebrated for its universally prestigious material limited examples and textures privately known as Baandha. Sambalpur is renowned for its Hand linger material works, famously known as Sambalpuri Textile. It has earned global distinction for its novel example, outline and surface. Aside from materials, Samabalpur has a rich ancestral legacy and astonishing forestlands. The literacy rate of Sambalpur District is 76.91 percent.Indian Institute of Management,Sambalpur University, Gangadhar Meher University, IIM, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology(VSSUT), VSS Intitute of Medical Science and Research(VIMSAR), Gayatri College of Pharmacy, Dr P.M Institute of Advanced studies in Education, Gayatri College of Management, Gayatri College of Pharmacy, Lajpat Rai Law College, Sambalpur Nursing college are the famous educational institutes in the District.
Sambalpur is the fourth largest city in the Indian State of Odisha. It is located on the banks of river Mahanadi, with a population of 335,761. It is the home of Sambalpuri Saree from which the world famous textile derives its name. Since the construction & operationalisation of Hirakud Dam in 1956, Sambalpur has undergone a major transformation, supporting agriculture and metal industries, harbouring many educational institutes and attracting students to Burla, the education hub of Odisha.